Press Release

Summit Hotel Properties Reports First Quarter 2016 Results And Increases 2016 Outlook

Same-Store RevPAR increases 4.5 percent

Adjusted FFO per share climbs 21.2 percent to $0.32 per share

Common Dividend Increase of 12.8 percent

Company Release - 5/3/2016 4:45 PM ET

AUSTIN, Texas, May 3, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Summit Hotel Properties, Inc. (NYSE: INN) (the "Company") today announced results for the first quarter 2016.

Summit Hotel Properties, Inc. Logo.

"We are extremely pleased with the results that our diverse portfolio of premium select-service hotels delivered in the first quarter," said Dan Hansen, the Company's President and Chief Executive Officer.  "The strength of our portfolio is evidenced by same-store RevPAR growth of 4.5 percent, more than double that of the Smith Travel Research upscale RevPAR growth rate of 2.2 percent," commented Mr. Hansen.

First Quarter 2016 Highlights

  • Pro Forma RevPAR:  Pro forma revenue per available room ("RevPAR") grew to $108.08, an increase of 3.8 percent over the same period of 2015.  Pro forma average daily rate ("ADR") grew to $140.97, an increase of 1.5 percent from the same period of 2015. Pro forma occupancy increased by 2.3 percent to 76.7 percent.
  • Pro Forma Hotel EBITDA:  Pro forma hotel EBITDA grew to $43.8 million, an increase of 10.3 percent over the same period in 2015. 
  • Pro Forma Hotel EBITDA Margin:  Pro forma hotel EBITDA margin expanded by 112 basis points to 37.5 percent compared to the same period of 2015.
  • Same-Store RevPAR:  Same-store RevPAR grew to $106.76, an increase of 4.5 percent over the same period in 2015.  Same-store ADR grew to $138.75, an increase of 1.2 percent from the same period of 2015.  Same-store occupancy increased by 3.3 percent to 76.9 percent compared to the same period in 2015.
  • Adjusted EBITDA:  Adjusted EBITDA increased to $40.9 million from $34.5 million in the same period of 2015, an increase of $6.4 million or 18.6 percent.
  • Adjusted FFO:  Adjusted Funds from Operations ("AFFO") increased to $28.3 million, or $0.32 per diluted share, which is a per diluted share increase of 21.2 percent compared to the same period in 2015.
  • Net Income:  Net income attributable to common stockholders increased to $44.3 million, or $0.51 per diluted share, compared with $6.4 million, or $0.07 per diluted share, in the same period of 2015.  Net income attributable to common stockholders includes a $36.8 million pretax gain on the sale of six hotels during the first quarter of 2016.
  • Acquisitions:  The Company acquired two hotels containing 386 guestrooms for a total purchase price of $109.0 million.  The two hotels acquired had a RevPAR of $128.16 for the year-ended December 31, 2015.
  • Dispositions:  The Company sold six hotels containing 707 guestrooms for a total sales price of $108.3 million.  The six hotels sold had a RevPAR of $94.49 for the year-ended December 31, 2015.

The Company's results for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 included the following:


Three months ended March 31,


2016


2015


(Unaudited)


($ in thousands, except per unit and RevPAR data)

Total revenue

$                     118,082


$                     107,648

Net income attributable to common stockholders

$                       44,338


$                         6,387

EBITDA (1)

$                       75,927


$                       33,370

Adjusted EBITDA (1)

$                       40,913


$                       34,510

FFO (1)

$                       25,864


$                       22,092

Adjusted FFO (1)

$                       28,279


$                       23,246

FFO per diluted share and unit (1) (2)

$                           0.30


$                           0.25

Adjusted FFO per diluted share and unit (1) (2)

$                           0.32


$                           0.27





Pro Forma (3)




RevPAR

$                       108.08


$                       104.15

RevPAR growth

3.8%



Hotel EBITDA

$                       43,813


$                       39,716

Hotel EBITDA margin

37.5%


36.4%

Hotel EBITDA margin growth

112 bps





(1)    

See tables later in this press release for a discussion and reconciliation of net income to non-GAAP financial measures, including earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA"), adjusted EBITDA, funds from operations ("FFO"), FFO per diluted share and unit, adjusted FFO ("AFFO"), and AFFO per diluted share and unit, as well as a discussion of hotel EBITDA (hotel revenues less hotel operating expenses).  See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" at the end of this release.  Non-GAAP financial measures are unaudited.

(2)      

Amounts are based on 87,170,000 weighted average diluted common shares and units and 86,875,000 weighted average diluted common shares and units for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.  The Company includes the outstanding common units of limited partnership interests ("OP Units") in Summit Hotel OP, LP, the Company's operating partnership, held by limited partners other than the Company because the OP Units are redeemable for cash or, at the Company's option, shares of the Company's common stock on a one-for-one basis.

(3)      

Unless stated otherwise in this release, all pro forma information includes operating and financial results for 83 hotels owned as of March 31, 2016, as if each hotel had been owned by the Company since January 1, 2015.  As a result, all pro forma information includes operating and financial results for hotels acquired since January 1, 2015 for periods prior to the Company's ownership.  Pro forma and non-GAAP financial measures are unaudited.

 

Summit vs. Industry Results (% change) *

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016



Occupancy


ADR


RevPAR





Summit Pro Forma (83)


2.3%


1.5%


3.8%

Summit Same-Store (74)


3.3%


1.2%


4.5%

STR Overall US


(0.5%)


3.2%


2.7%

STR Upscale


(0.9%)


3.2%


2.2%


*Source: Smith Travel Research Monthly Hotel Review, Volume 16, Issue M3

 

Acquisitions

In mid-January, the Company acquired two hotels for a total purchase price of $109.0 million and entered into management agreements with Interstate Hotels & Resorts for both hotels. The 226-guestroom Courtyard by Marriott® located in Nashville, TN was acquired for $71.0 million.  The 160-guestroom Residence Inn by Marriott® located in Atlanta, GA was acquired for $38.0 million.  The hotels require minimal near term capital investment and the Company estimates a combined capitalization rate in the range of 8.25 and 8.75 percent based on management's current estimate of net operating income for the hotels in 2016.

Dispositions

On February 11, 2016, the Company completed the sale of six hotels containing 707 guestrooms to affiliates of American Realty Capital Hospitality Trust, Inc. ("ARCH") for an aggregate sales price of $108.3 million.  Simultaneous with the sale, the Company entered into a $27.5 million loan agreement with ARCH, and $20.0 million of the loan proceeds were applied by ARCH toward the purchase price of the six hotels.  The loan has an initial maturity date of February 11, 2017, and two one-year extension options that may be exercised by ARCH subject to certain conditions.  Interest accrues at a rate of 13.0 percent in year one, of which 9.0 percent shall be paid monthly, and the remainder will accrue and is required to be paid at maturity or prior to the exercise of any extension period.

On February 11, 2016, the Company entered into an agreement with ARCH to reinstate the purchase and sale agreement dated June 2, 2015, relating to the sale of ten hotels containing 996 guestrooms for an aggregate purchase price of $89.1 million.  As part of the agreement, ARCH made a $7.5 million non-refundable earnest money deposit using a portion of the loan proceeds, and the Company has the right to continue to market and sell the hotels.  The closing of the sale is required to occur on or before December 30, 2016.

Capital Investment

The Company invested $9.7 million in capital improvements during the first quarter of 2016.  Among the properties renovated during the quarter, the scope of work ranged from common space improvements to complete guestroom renovations, including furniture, soft goods and guest bathrooms.

Balance Sheet and Capital Activity

On January 15, 2016, the Company closed on a new $450 million senior unsecured credit facility.  The increased credit facility is comprised of a $300 million unsecured revolving line of credit and a $150 million unsecured term loan and replaced the Company's former $300 million senior unsecured credit facility.  The $300 million revolving line of credit matures in March 2020 and can be extended to March 2021 at the Company's option, subject to certain conditions. The $150 million term loan matures in March 2021. The new credit facility includes a $150 million accordion feature that will allow the Company to request additional lender commitments up to a total of $600 million for the senior unsecured credit facility.  As a result of the new credit facility, the Company has less than ten percent of its total debt maturing through 2018.

At March 31, 2016, the Company had the following:

  • Total outstanding debt of $704.1 million with a weighted average interest rate of 3.76 percent.
  • Maximum borrowing capacity of $450.0 million under its senior unsecured credit facility, including both the revolver and term loan portions of the facility, with $205.0 million outstanding and $245.0 million available to borrow.
  • Total net debt, which the Company defines as total outstanding debt less cash and cash equivalents, to trailing twelve month adjusted EBITDA was 4.2x.

At April 21, 2016, the Company had the following:

  • Total outstanding debt of $693.3 million with a weighted average interest rate of 3.78 percent.
  • Maximum borrowing capacity of $450.0 million under its senior unsecured credit facility, including both the revolver and term loan portions of the facility, with $195.0 million outstanding and $255.0 million available to borrow.
  • Total net debt to trailing twelve month adjusted EBITDA was 4.1x.

Common Dividend Increase

On April 29, 2016, the Company increased its quarterly cash dividend to $0.1325 per share on its common stock and per common unit of limited partnership interest in Summit Hotel OP, LP.  The increase represents a 12.8 percent increase over the Company's previous quarterly common dividend of $0.1175 per share and an annualized yield of 4.6 percent based on the April 29, 2016 closing stock price.

In addition, the Company declared a quarterly cash dividend of:

  • $0.578125 per share on its 9.25 percent Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock.
  • $0.4921875 per share on its 7.875 percent Series B Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock.
  • $0.4453125 per share on its 7.125 percent Series C Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock.

The dividends are payable on May 31, 2016, to holders of record as of May 16, 2016.

2016 Outlook

"We remain encouraged about 2016 as the benefits of premium select-service hotels, limited supply growth in our submarkets, and broad geographic diversification continues to show our differentiated investment strategy," said Hansen.

The Company is providing its outlook for the second quarter and full year 2016 based on its 83 hotels owned as of May 3, 2016.  The Company's adjusted FFO outlook for the full year 2016 assumes the sale of ten hotels containing 996 guestrooms for an aggregate sales price of $89.1 million with an estimated date of sale of July 1, 2016, and no additional hotel acquisitions.

 

SECOND QUARTER 2016

($ in thousands, except RevPAR and per unit data)


Low


High

Pro forma RevPAR (83) (1)

$       118.00


$       120.00

Pro forma RevPAR growth (83) (1)

5.00%


7.00%

RevPAR (same-store 74) (2)

$       114.00


$       116.00

RevPAR growth (same-store 74) (2)

5.00%


7.00%

Adjusted FFO

$       34,000


$       35,800

Adjusted FFO per diluted share and unit (3)

$           0.39


$           0.41

 

FULL YEAR 2016

($ in thousands, except RevPAR and per unit data)


Low


High

Pro forma RevPAR (83) (1)

$       110.00


$       112.00

Pro forma RevPAR growth (83) (1)

4.00%


5.50%

RevPAR (same-store 74) (2)

$       106.50


$       108.50

RevPAR growth (same-store 74) (2)

4.00%


5.50%

Adjusted FFO

$     114,400


$     119,600

Adjusted FFO per diluted share and unit (3)

$           1.31


$           1.37

Capital improvements

$       40,000


$       50,000





(1)

Pro forma outlook information includes operating results for 83 hotels owned by the Company as of May 3, 2016, as if each hotel had been owned by the Company since January 1, 2015. As a result, these pro forma operating and financial measures include operating results for certain hotels for periods prior to the Company's ownership.

(2)

Same-store outlook information includes operating results for 74 hotels that are currently owned by the Company and have been owned since January 1, 2015.

(3)

Assumes weighted average diluted common shares and units outstanding of 87,300,000 for the second quarter and 87,300,000 for the full year of 2016.

 

First Quarter 2016 Earnings Conference Call

The Company will conduct its quarterly conference call on Wednesday, May 4, 2016, at 9:00 a.m. ET.  To participate in the conference call, please dial 877-930-8101.  The conference identification code for the call is 90289806.  Additionally, a live webcast of the call will be available through the Company's website, www.shpreit.com.  A replay of the conference call will be available until 11:59 PM ET on Wednesday, May 11, 2016 by dialing 855-859-2056; conference identification code 90289806.  A replay of the conference call will also be available on the Company's website until August 2, 2016.

About Summit Hotel Properties

Summit Hotel Properties, Inc. is a publicly-traded real estate investment trust focused primarily on owning premium-branded, select-service hotels in the Upscale segment of the lodging industry.  As of May 3, 2016, the Company's portfolio consisted of 83 hotels with a total of 11,099 guestrooms located in 23 states. 

For additional information, please visit the Company's website, www.shpreit.com, and follow the Company on Twitter at @SummitHotel_INN.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains statements that are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are generally identifiable by use of forward-looking terminology such as "may," "will," "should," "potential," "intend," "expect," "seek," "anticipate," "estimate," "approximately," "believe," "could," "project," "predict," "forecast," "continue," "plan," "likely," "would" or other similar words or expressions. Forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and can include future expectations, future plans and strategies, financial and operating projections or other forward-looking information. Examples of forward-looking statements include the following: the Company's ability to realize embedded growth from the deployment of renovation capital; projections of the Company's revenues and expenses, capital expenditures or other financial items; descriptions of the Company's plans or objectives for future operations, acquisitions, dispositions, financings or services; forecasts of the Company's future financial performance and potential increases in average daily rate, occupancy, RevPAR, room supply and demand, FFO and AFFO; the Company's outlook with respect to pro forma RevPAR, pro forma RevPAR growth, RevPAR, RevPAR growth,  AFFO,  AFFO per diluted unit and renovation capital deployed; and descriptions of assumptions underlying or relating to any of the foregoing expectations regarding the timing of their occurrence. These forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties, not all of which are known to the Company and many of which are beyond the Company's control, which could cause actual results to differ materially from such statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the state of the U.S. economy, supply and demand in the hotel industry, and other factors as are described in greater detail in the Company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Unless legally required, the Company disclaims any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.

For information about the Company's business and financial results, please refer to the "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and "Risk Factors" sections of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015, filed with the SEC, and its quarterly and other periodic filings with the SEC. The Company undertakes no duty to update the statements in this release to conform the statements to actual results or changes in the Company's expectations.

 

SUMMIT HOTEL PROPERTIES, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Amounts in thousands)



March 31, 2016


December 31, 2015


(Unaudited)



ASSETS




  Investment in hotel properties, net

$           1,434,015


$           1,333,407

  Land held for development

5,742


5,742

  Assets held for sale

86,785


133,138

  Investment in real estate loans, net

17,664


12,803

  Cash and cash equivalents

33,972


29,326

  Restricted cash

24,775


23,073

  Trade receivables, net

15,009


9,437

  Prepaid expenses and other

6,258


15,281

  Deferred charges, net

3,842


3,628

  Other assets

9,375


9,559

          Total assets

$           1,637,437


$           1,575,394

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY




Liabilities:




  Debt, net of debt issuance costs

$              697,298


$              671,536

  Accounts payable

3,782


2,947

  Accrued expenses and other

43,112


42,174

  Derivative financial instruments

2,443


1,811

          Total liabilities

746,635


718,468





          Total stockholders' equity

886,649


852,711

  Non-controlling interests in Operating Partnership

4,153


4,215

          Total equity

890,802


856,926

          Total liabilities and equity

$           1,637,437


$           1,575,394

 

SUMMIT HOTEL PROPERTIES, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)



 For the Three Months Ended March 31,


2016


2015

Revenues:

(Unaudited)

  Room

$                   110,595


$                   101,425

  Other hotel operations revenue

7,487


6,223

Total revenues

118,082


107,648

Expenses:




Hotel operating expenses:




  Room

27,269


25,506

  Other direct

16,240


15,035

  Other indirect

30,629


28,727

Total hotel operating expenses

74,138


69,268

Depreciation and amortization

18,143


15,264

Corporate general and administrative

4,579


4,515

Hotel property acquisition costs

554


-

Total expenses

97,414


89,047

Operating income

20,668


18,601

Other income (expense):




  Interest expense

(7,483)


(7,247)

  Gain (loss) on disposal of assets, net

36,780


(503)

  Other income (expense)

340


239

Total other expense, net

29,637


(7,511)

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

50,305


11,090

Income tax expense

(1,571)


(499)

Net income

48,734


10,591

  Less – Income attributable to Operating Partnership

(249)


(57)

Net income attributable to Summit Hotel Properties, Inc.

48,485


10,534

Preferred dividends

(4,147)


(4,147)

Net income attributable to common stockholders

$                     44,338


$                       6,387

Earnings per share:




  Basic and diluted net income per share

$                         0.51


$                         0.07

Weighted average common shares outstanding:




  Basic

86,360


85,704

  Diluted

87,170


86,875

 

SUMMIT HOTEL PROPERTIES, INC.
Reconciliation of Net Income to Non-GAAP Measures – Funds From Operations

(Amounts in thousands except per share and unit)

(Unaudited)



Three months ended March 31,


2016


2015





Net income

$                48,734


$                10,591

Preferred dividends

(4,147)


(4,147)

Net income applicable to common shares and units

44,587


6,444





Real estate-related depreciation (1)

18,057


15,145

(Gain) loss on disposal of assets

(36,780)


503

FFO applicable to common shares and units

25,864


22,092

FFO per common share and unit

$                    0.30


$                    0.25





Amortization of deferred financing costs

563


398

Amortization of franchise fees (1)

86


119

Equity-based compensation

793


636

Hotel property acquisition costs

554


-

Debt transaction costs

419


-

Loss on derivative instruments

-


1

Adjusted Funds From Operations

$                28,279


$                23,246

AFFO per common share and unit

$                    0.32


$                    0.27





Weighted average diluted common units (2)

87,170


86,875



(1)      

The summation of these line items represents depreciation and amortization as reported on the Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations for the periods presented.

(2)      

The Company includes the outstanding OP units issued by Summit Hotel OP, LP, the Company's operating partnership, held by limited partners other than the Company because the OP units are redeemable for cash or, at the Company's option, shares of the Company's common stock on a one-for-one basis.

 


SUMMIT HOTEL PROPERTIES, INC.

Reconciliation of Net Income to Non-GAAP Measures – EBITDA

(Amounts in thousands)

(Unaudited)



Three months ended March 31,


2016


2015

Net income

$                  48,734


$                  10,591

Depreciation and amortization

18,143


15,264

Interest expense

7,483


7,247

Interest income

(4)


(231)

Income tax expense

1,571


499

EBITDA

$                  75,927


$                  33,370





Equity-based compensation

793


636

Hotel property acquisition costs

554


-

Debt transaction costs

419


-

(Gain) loss on disposal of assets

(36,780)


503

Loss on derivatives

-


1

Adjusted EBITDA

$                  40,913


$                  34,510

 

SUMMIT HOTEL PROPERTIES, INC.

Pro Forma (1) Operational and Statistical Data

(Dollars in thousands, except operating metrics)

 (Unaudited)



Three months ended March 31,


2016


2015

REVENUE




Room revenue

$              109,162


$              102,027

Other hotel operations revenue

7,531


7,008

Total revenue

116,693


109,035





EXPENSES




Hotel operating expenses




Rooms

26,807


25,525

Other direct

15,964


15,046

Other indirect

30,109


28,748

Total operating expenses

72,880


69,319

Hotel EBITDA

$                43,813


$                39,716

 




2015


2016





Q2


Q3


Q4


Q1


TTM Ended March 31, 2016












Room revenue


$  112,923


$  110,190


$  101,074


$  109,162


$        433,349

Other revenue


7,862


7,623


7,714


7,531


30,730

Total revenue


$  120,785


$  117,813


$  108,788


$  116,693


$        464,079












Hotel EBITDA


$    45,994


$    43,763


$    37,367


$    43,813


$        170,937

Hotel EBITDA margin


38.1%


37.1%


34.3%


37.5%


36.8%












Rooms occupied


815,588


810,539


756,523


774,391


3,157,041

Rooms available


1,007,477


1,021,108


1,021,108


1,010,009


4,059,702












Occupancy


81.0%


79.4%


74.1%


76.7%


77.8%

ADR


$    138.46


$    135.95


$    133.60


$    140.97


$          137.26

RevPAR


$    112.08


$    107.91


$      98.98


$    108.08


$          106.74



(1)      

Pro forma information includes operating results for 83 hotels owned as of March 31, 2016 as if each hotel had been owned by the Company since January 1, 2015.  As a result, these pro forma operating and financial measures include operating results for certain hotels for periods prior to the Company's ownership.

 

SUMMIT HOTEL PROPERTIES, INC.

Pro Forma and Same-Store Data

(Unaudited)



Three months ended March 31,


2016


2015

Pro Forma (1) (83 hotels)




Rooms occupied

774,391


734,500

Rooms available

1,010,009


979,625

Occupancy

76.7%


75.0%

ADR

$                    140.97


$                    138.91

RevPAR

$                    108.08


$                    104.15





Occupancy growth

2.3%



ADR growth

1.5%



RevPAR growth

3.8%








Three months ended March 31,


2016


2015

Same-Store (2) (74 hotels)




Rooms occupied

677,138


647,893

Rooms available

880,061


870,095

Occupancy

76.9%


74.5%

ADR

$                      138.75


$                      137.14

RevPAR

$                      106.76


$                      102.12





Occupancy growth

3.3%



ADR growth

1.2%



RevPAR growth

4.5%





(1)     

Pro forma information includes operating results for 83 hotels owned as of March 31, 2016, as if each hotel had been owned by the Company since January 1, 2015.  As a result, these pro forma operating and financial measures include operating results for certain hotels for periods prior to the Company's ownership.

(2)     

Same-store information includes operating results for 74 hotels owned by the Company as of January 1, 2015, and at all times during the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015. 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Funds From Operations ("FFO") and Adjusted FFO ("AFFO")

As defined by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("NAREIT"), FFO represents net income or loss (computed in accordance with GAAP), excluding preferred dividends, gains (or losses) from sales of real property, impairment losses on real estate assets, items classified by GAAP as extraordinary, the cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles, plus depreciation and amortization related to real estate assets, and adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures.  Unless otherwise indicated, we present FFO applicable to our common shares and common units.  We present FFO because we consider it an important supplemental measure of our operational performance and believe it is frequently used by securities analysts, investors, and other interested parties in the evaluation of REITs, many of which present FFO when reporting their results. FFO is intended to exclude GAAP historical cost depreciation and amortization, which assumes that the value of real estate assets diminishes ratably over time. Historically, however, real estate values have risen or fallen with market conditions. Because FFO excludes depreciation and amortization related to real estate assets, gains and losses from real property dispositions and impairment losses on real estate assets, it provides a performance measure that, when compared year over year, reflects the effect to operations from trends in occupancy, guestroom rates, operating costs, development activities and interest costs, providing perspective not immediately apparent from net income.  FFO should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss) (computed in accordance with GAAP) as an indicator of our liquidity, nor is it indicative of funds available to fund our cash needs, including our ability to pay dividends or make distributions.  References to FFO are based on the NAREIT-defined measure unless otherwise noted.

We further adjust FFO for certain additional items that are not included in the definition of FFO, such as hotel transaction and pursuit costs, equity-based compensation, loan transaction costs, prepayment penalties and certain other expenses, which we refer to as AFFO. We believe that AFFO provides investors with another financial measure that may facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods and between REITs.

We caution investors that amounts presented in accordance with our definitions of FFO and AFFO may not be comparable to similar measures disclosed by other companies, since not all companies calculate these non-GAAP measures in the same manner. FFO and AFFO should be considered along with, but not as an alternative to, net income (loss) as a measure of our operating performance. FFO and AFFO may include funds that may not be available for our discretionary use due to functional requirements to conserve funds for capital expenditures, property acquisitions, debt service obligations and other commitments and uncertainties. Although we believe that FFO and AFFO can enhance the understanding of our financial condition and results of operations, these non-GAAP financial measures are not necessarily better indicators of any trend as compared to a comparable GAAP measure such as net income (loss). Above we have included a quantitative reconciliation of FFO and AFFO to the most directly comparable GAAP financial performance measure, which is net income (loss). Dollar amounts in such reconciliation are in thousands.

EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA, and Hotel EBITDA

EBITDA represents net income or loss, excluding: (i) interest, (ii) income tax expense and (iii) depreciation and amortization. We believe EBITDA is useful to investors in evaluating our operating performance because it provides investors with an indication of our ability to incur and service debt, to satisfy general operating expenses, to make capital expenditures, and to fund other cash needs or reinvest cash into our business. We also believe it helps investors meaningfully evaluate and compare the results of our operations from period to period by removing the effect of our asset base (primarily depreciation and amortization) from our operating results. Our management also uses EBITDA as one measure in determining the value of acquisitions and dispositions. We further adjust EBITDA by adding back hotel transaction and pursuit costs, equity based compensation, impairment losses, and certain other nonrecurring expenses. We believe that adjusted EBITDA provides investors with another financial measure that may facilitate comparisons of operating performance between periods and between REITs.

With respect to hotel EBITDA, we believe that excluding the effect of corporate-level expenses, non-cash items, and the portion of these items related to discontinued operations, provides a more complete understanding of the operating results over which individual hotels and operators have direct control.  We believe the property-level results provide investors with supplemental information on the ongoing operational performance of our hotels and effectiveness of the third-party management companies operating our business on a property-level basis.

We caution investors that amounts presented in accordance with our definitions of EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, and hotel EBITDA may not be comparable to similar measures disclosed by other companies, since not all companies calculate these non-GAAP measures in the same manner. EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, and hotel EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative measure of our net income (loss) or operating performance. EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, and hotel EBITDA may include funds that may not be available for our discretionary use due to functional requirements to conserve funds for capital expenditures and property acquisitions and other commitments and uncertainties. Although we believe that EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, and hotel EBITDA can enhance your understanding of our financial condition and results of operations, these non-GAAP financial measures are not necessarily a better indicator of any trend as compared to a comparable GAAP measure such as net income (loss). Above, we include a quantitative reconciliation of EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA to the most directly comparable GAAP financial performance measure, which is net income (loss). Because hotel EBITDA is specific to individual hotels or groups of hotels and not to the Company as a whole, it is not directly comparable to any GAAP measure. Accordingly, hotel EBITDA has not been reconciled back to net income or loss, or any other GAAP measure, and hotel EBITDA should not be relied on as a measure of performance for our portfolio of hotels taken as a whole. Dollar amounts in such reconciliation are in thousands.

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SOURCE Summit Hotel Properties, Inc.